Can Tesla Rebuild Puerto Rico Power Grid? (Sí Se Puede)

Can Tesla Rebuild Puerto Rico Power Grid? (Sí Se Puede)

Hurricanes Irma and Maria
have devastated Puerto Rico. Elon Musk offered to help,
and in a few short weeks, they’ve already installed a
new sustainable energy system for Hospital del Niño, in San Juan, that’s the Children’s Hospital, Elon called this “The first of many solar and battery projects going
live in Puerto Rico.” This really got me thinking, what if we could completely
rebuild their infrastructure using something more sustainable? How many batteries and
solar panels would it take and would it last, would it even work? Hi, I’m Ben Sullins with Teslanomics and today we’re going to take a look at what it would actually take to completely switch from
what Puerto Rico had, which was a pretty dirty grid, that was really falling apart, to something much more
sustainable and longer lasting. First, let’s remember how we got here, on Wednesday, September
20th, Hurricane Maria hit Puerto Rico with
155 mile per hour winds, that’s about 250 kilometers per hour and feet of rain pouring down, leaving 3.4 million
Americans without power. Maria was technically a Category 4 storm, but came in just on the heels of the most powerful hurricane in recorded history, Hurricane Irma, Hurricane Irma wasn’t the direct hit to the US Territory that Maria was, however, it left nearly one million people without power for almost two weeks. When Maria struck, it didn’t
skirt around the island like hurricanes often do with Puerto Rico, it cut straight across the middle of it, making things worse, the Puerto Rico Electric
Power Authority, or PREPA, had recently declared bankruptcy and had lost about 30% of
their workforce since 2012. Aging infrastructure across the island made the grid more susceptible
to damage from the storm, with the median age of
the PREPA power plants around 44 years. Inadequate safety also
plagued the company, and local newspapers frequently described poor maintenance and outdated controls. All of these factors combined
in the worst possible way for the 3.4 million Americans
living on the island, resulting in 100% power failure. Phone lines went down, generators kicked in, until
they ran out of diesel, and everyone did what
they could to survive. Even now, weeks after the disaster, many residents in Puerto
Rico are still without power and it isn’t looking like that’s
gonna change anytime soon, so while all the devastation and damage, that Puerto Rico’s incurred
is an obvious tragedy, they do have an opportunity
here to turn things around and help prevent this from
happening again in the future. Tesla can make this
happen for Puerto Rico, and they already are, as I mentioned, the question is, how much would it take and how long before they would actually be back up and running? I mean, there are
literally tons of people, that are still without power, so it’s something that we need
to get working on right away. The good news is,
Tesla’s done this before, first in Ta’u, American
Samoa and in Kauai, Hawaii, let’s take a look at those cases and see if they tell
us anything informative about what we could do for Puerto Rico. In November 2016, Tesla unveiled a project it completed in Ta’u, American Samoa, their report stated the island
of Ta’u in American Samoa, located more than 4,000 miles from the west coast of the United States, now hosts a solar power and battery storage enabled micro grid, that can supply nearly
100% of the island’s power needs from renewable energy, this provides a cost saving
alternative to diesel, removing the hazards
of power intermittency and making outages a thing of the past. Now the island of Ta’u is
tiny, compared to Puerto Rico, it barely has 1,000 residents, if that, so it was a baby step,
but an important one, if Tesla’s gonna be able to do
this on a much larger scale, the next step was in Kauai,
the island in Hawaii, the project in Kauai was more recent, just this passed March of 2017 and doesn’t cover the entire island, but is a much bigger system, like the one they would
need in Puerto Rico, in the announcement
about the Kauai project, Tesla stated, “To achieve a
sustainable energy future, “the world needs
reliable, renewable energy “around the clock.” The island of Kauai has an
abundance of solar energy, but it can only be used
when the sun is shining. Kauai burns millions of gallons
of fossil fuels annually to produce energy at night, until now, Tesla’s 52 megawatt-hour Tesla Powerpack and 13 megawatt solar farm
will store solar energy produced during the day
and deliver it to the grid during the evening hours to reduce the amount of fossil fuels needed to meet energy demand. This dispatchable solar project
represents the first time a utility contracted for
a system of this scale, that stores and delivers
solar energy after sunset. Now Tesla also just
finished the world’s largest battery installation in southern Australia with 129 megawatt-hour Powerpack, it’s a bunch of Powerpacks
networked together, but in total, 129 megawatt-hours, which is about double the
size of the project in Kauai, so things are growing rapidly and really there isn’t a
limit to how this can scale, the physics of it don’t
really limit us in any way, so we can literally just keep
adding batteries and solar, until all of our energy needs are met, but I thought now would be
a good time to take a look and see what it would actually take, considering how big Puerto Rico is, compared to these other projects. For this analysis, the
important part to consider is the size of the battery backup, while solar is a great
option for Puerto Rico, which averages 8.6 hours
of sunshine per day, to obtain 100% of their
energy from renewable sources, they would likely need
to explore other options, such as off shore wind,
so if we start by looking at the Ta’u system in American Samoa, Tesla installed a six
megawatt-hour backup battery with enough energy to
last for about three days for their 800 residents, in Kauai, Tesla installed a 52
megawatt-hour storage system for the 65,000 residents of the island, so a pretty big jump from
the previous system in Ta’u, but still small in comparison to what they’ll need for Puerto Rico, if we include the system
in southern Australia, we see that again, Tesla made a big leap, going from 52 megawatt-hours
to 129 megawatt-hours, creating the world’s
largest lithium ion battery, that will provide power to the over 30,000 residents
in South Australia. In calculating the amount of energy Puerto Rico would need
to go 100% renewable, I looked at their current energy output, which is substantially larger
than our previous examples. Puerto Rico’s electricity generation is mostly fueled by
petroleum and natural gas, in 2016 these fuels made
up 47 and 34% respectively of the territory’s net generation, in 2016, coal made up about 17% of Puerto Rico’s electricity generation and renewables provided the remaining 2%. Puerto Rico has 3.4 million residents and is substantially larger
than our other examples, so if we extrapolate from what they did for those other places, Tesla would need to build a battery system close to 5,000 megawatt-hours
or five gigawatt-hours, this is using data from the
National Renewable Energy Laboratory report from March of 2015 on the energy consumption in Puerto Rico. This may look like a huge
jump and it is, honestly, but it is also totally doable and it wouldn’t need to be done
with a single installation, instead Tesla could install
many smaller battery systems across the island to build
a more resilient system, similar to how grids typically
have decentralized options, eliminating any single point
of failure for the system, this is in contrast to how
the PREPA system was designed, where the single transmission line from the south to the north was cut, leaving essentially 100%
of people without power. So it is possible and you may be thinking this is all well and good,
but wouldn’t a hurricane just destroy all this stuff anyways? Well, not exactly, batteries
could easily be stored underground or in
buildings made to withstand even the toughest hurricane, so that’s a pretty obvious solution, for solar panels, they need
to be exposed to the sun, so they’re in a bit different predicament, now most panels that are installed now are certified to withstand
winds up to 140 miles per hour, which is about 225 kilometers per hour, for example, during Hurricane Sandy, New Jersey was hit especially hard, New Jersey also has one of the highest solar panel capacities
in the United States, in the second quarter of 2012, just before the hurricane hit, the state had installed 103 megawatts of photovoltaic capacity, analysis after Sandy hit
revealed little to no damage of the photovoltaic system from the storm, according to a spokesperson
for a solar system installer servicing over 200 customers in a region of New Jersey hit hardest, a few metal casings covering wires from the panels were damaged by flooding and one very large system
had two panels come loose. Hurricane Maria was much bigger and more powerful than Sandy was, when Maria made landfall
in early September 20th, it brought with it winds
upwards of 155 miles per hour, which is about 250 kilometers per hour, this is well above the
rating of most solar panels. As Hurricane Maria cut across Puerto Rico, it left in its wake massive destruction, the thing about hurricanes is though, that they weaken as
they spread across land, so while coastal towns with solar panels would likely suffer significant damage, because of the high winds, in the capital, San Juan,
the winds from Maria only reached about 113 miles per hour, which is about 181 kilometers per hour, well below the rating of most panels, now while some of the panels may have become damaged
from the wind or flooding, it’s unlikely that all or even
a significant amount of them would have been disabled from the storm, once the hurricane passed, the panels would have begun
to generate electricity again and assuming the transmission
lines were buried and the battery systems
were in protected areas, the power may not have even went out and Puerto Rico would be
in a much better place, than it is right now. All said and done, it is doable and the technology exists and works fine, but you probably wouldn’t do 100% solar, considering you have
lots of different options available to you, such as offshore wind, maybe tidal energy in the
future, so more likely it makes sense to have a
mix of renewable generation and then lots of different batteries spread across the island with
different transmission lines, so you don’t have a
single point of failure. As Vox recently reported,
refashioning Puerto Rico’s grid is not a question of technology, rather the dire state of
the territory’s finances pose a significant obstacle to new investment in its
energy infrastructure. Ultimately building a
greener, more resilient, independent grid rests on
whether there is enough money and political will to
see the vision through, so unfortunately the question
is if, rather than how. The good news is that lots of companies are positioning themselves to help and billionaire philanthropists,
such as Richard Branson are getting into the mix
by setting up green funds to help rebuild the grid in the Caribbean, using renewable technology. As I’ve said before,
if you have the ability to help out with Puerto
Rico, please do so, this is a serious humanitarian crisis, where millions of Americans need our help to really get through this and hopefully we can make
this a story of redemption on how they rebuild in a way that is much more sustainable
and renewable for the future and if you like this video,
please give it a thumbs up down below and help spread this message. If you’re new here, consider subscribing, each week what we do is we
break down the data behind Tesla to understand how this company is truly changing our
world in profound ways, like what they’re doing
in Puerto Rico right now. You can also get on our
email list at Teslanomics,co, so you don’t miss any of
the updates we have for you and lastly remember,
when you free the data, your mind will follow. Thanks for watching and I’ll
see you back here next time.

79 comments / Add your comment below

  1. Subscribed. Thank you for your research. I think Puerto Rico can become a Test Bed for future locations on Earth. Micro Hydro systems can recharge the battery banks too and the others in the mix. Thanks again.

  2. There is no power grid left to rebuild as it was failing already. It will have to be new. Mr. Musk is many $Billions in debt already with a car company showing its worst quarterly loss ever, its latest model unproduceable and, seemingly without recourse to shareholders, is going off to provide a new power grid for a whole country. The term "in your dreams" comes to mind.

  3. Should make homes and businesses independent of the grid. This would be most efficient, better for the environment and minimize outages from storms.

  4. Sure you can fix anything with a Trillion dollars, LOL.. And Billionaires want to help as long as their is an angle they can ultimately make money or a tax break. However, if you are going to have a solar farm, it should be away from the actual shore and in an natural lowland with no buildings or trees nearby. That would increase the chance of the panels surviving a huricane.

  5. So let's think about this … new energy grids need to be made, we have the technology, it would create jobs, influence positive growth in the economy, we as humans would reduce our carbon footprint, etc. WHY AREN'T WE FUNDING THIS? This is literally the best investment that the US government could possibly make for our country. All I'm saying is that I'm seeing way more positive than negative feedback from this; I definitely think that renewable energy is going to be the way of the future.

  6. And what about Africa or Asia, shouldn't we also invest there? I mean they have had problems for far longer than Porto Rico has..

  7. 30,000 residence in South Australia? try closer to 1.7 million and the battery is only used to bridge something like a 1hr window on hot days.

  8. Our nation's failure to deliver a completely redesigned island at approximately the same cost it will take to rebuild it as it was is a disgrace. We are a great nation when we talk, but not so great when we do. The ideas presented in this video are outstanding. Below is a step by step plan to achieve far more than rebuilding a fossil fuel generation and Cu/Al distribution network in Puerto Rico.

    A – Start over, if the Islands fall back to a repair the existing they will continue to throw dirt on themselves as they lie six feet deep in a hole.
    B – Puerto Rico must use an inside out bottoms up (IOBU) plan to rebuild itself.
    C – In the meantime they can use a military style instant base kind of provisioning to enable people to have power, clean water, sewage, (drinking, bathing, and cleaning (clothing, housing, property), healthcare and emergency services EMT, Law Enforcement, search and rescue). Every bit of this happens in days in the remote corners of the world. Why can't this be a shared military Islander operation?
    D – End the arcane Jones Act – It is a ridiculous, outdated farce. It protects nothing but profits for a few. Let's stop lying to the American people. If you want an American shipbuilding and Maritime industrial capacity, compete and build one. Don't lay it like a yoke on our Nation's islanders. It is a damn lie.
    E – Begin a grand IOBU renewal that plans, funds, executes, monitors and manages a resurrection of the islands based on these factors:
    1- A cooperative of American, small-business only tradesmen form cooperative compacts with local tradesmen.
    2 – The cooperative forms apprenticeships with primarily local youth (perhaps 10% Mainland youth) and the local unemployed.
    3 – Funding, arranged at the National and State Levels is disbursed and managed through regional banks, never large investment banks. Terms are favorable for the island.
    4 – Form neighborhood commissions that decide how property is redesignated. This is a tough situation. The island currently has neighborhoods that grew without any kind of central planning or consideration for this kind of situation. We need a means of gaining the local perspective and letting locals lead how they homes my actually move. An example is tearing down 100 homes and rebuilding a new neighborhood of a modern design where people retain ownership rights but in a new home.
    5 – Form a urban planning cooperative of island and mainland universities under the tutelage (or oversight) of firms expert in the integration, installation and operation and maintenance of large scale alternative energy projects. The neighborhood commission works with the panning coop.
    6 – Planning and trades coops coordinate with one another so that knowledge and labor is transferred form planners to installers.
    7- While the military infrastructure sustains some quality of life, the island is rebuilt, from the ground up (BU) with a better way. Sewage, communication and power lines, hardened, storm resistant housing structures, more greenery, alternative power, power storage, survivable multi-mode internet in every house, broader roads,
    8 – Materials are purchased as the plans mature. Materials include alternative energy and supporting infrastructure, hardened home building, probably a modular type. Manufacturers of all mateirls must hire island workers. The capability to manufacturer will be sustained post IOBU primarily on the island itself.
    9 – So I could go on, I think everyone gets it. IOBU promotes local involvement and leadership. It trains, modernizes, provide and sustains jobs and skills before, during and after IOBU.
    10 – It prevents what is happening in renewal project in the US, whee the wealthy are gentrifying areas, sucking up all the tax money (and money the US and locals borrow in bonds) and sells the new for the rich only treasure to primarily foreigners and the wealthy. Screw that.
    11 – It prevent infrastructure being built by a non-Island workforce that wil be leased or rented or sold by-the-drink back to the islanders.
    12 – It will not encumber the locals with an unpayable debt
    13 – It will prevent any yokes on the people like the Jones act ever again
    14 – In earlier versions I stated All money comes from grants from the US budget. I want to change that. I am reading "After One Hundred Years : Corporate Profits, Wealth and American Society" by Joseph J. Dunn. I think this book should be required reading, probably senior year in High School, for an American History class, or College Freshman American Political Science class. I read about Charitable giving, which compared Company versus Individual giving and has a lot of treatment of Government expenditures, particularity the New Deal. SO the funding can come from a lot of sources, and be arranged as charity, revenue expenditure, bonds, investment, co-ownership, run-offs, etc.

    It is hard for me to understand why we continue to be so shortsighted, and not see the bright side of unfortunate luck the Island and American towns and cities are enduring.

  9. Don't say all or nothing. I would be happy if we could just go 50/50 renewable/petroleum. As technology shifts from lithium ion to lithium iron, battery storage will be much more economical. For this reason, I would concentrate on generation now and let storage replace petroleum as the technology develops.

  10. The main consideration isn't average daily hours a place gets from solar BUT worst case daily hours (when it rains or in the winter), cause batteries are cheap enough to store energy in the day and discharge at (the same) night, but still ORDERS of magnitude too expensive to store excess production in the summer for usage in the winter.
    In many places wind power can complement solar by generating at night and in the winter, but that does NOT happen anywhere.
    The big advantage of all existing big Tesla projects and puerto rico is we're talking about equatorial/tropical areas where the winters are mild, or in the case of Australia, its not a wholesale replacement of the entire grid, but rather just using large battery packs to replace the need for fossil fuel fired peaking plants, something that is also being done in California.
    The best solution where available is either hydroelectric dams or pumped hydro storage since it acts as a huge, low cost battery for the grid. But this solution is limited and even tapped out in many places like Europe.

  11. It cost Elon Musk 50 million dollars to re-electrify a single building. There are a lot of buildings in PR. Do the math.

  12. 'cept there's one important thing you missed. burying lines underground costs a LOT more than erecting transmission towers, which might be seriously bad for puerto rico's finances

  13. They always say that: there is no way to store power generated by solar-horsepuckey. . . Can you think of some ways? I have some. So see that's all you have to do is think and you can come up with another way to store power, huh. Yup. And yeah, Puget Sound Energy put off maintenance investments until the pud took over and found out how badly maintained our grid was where I live.

  14. Tesla can make the job for the future of PR , but the truth is that there are to many hands that depends on prepas money !!!!! And those hands will not permit that other forms of grid work here in PR .

  15. hey Bonnie and Clyde or I mean Hillary and bill get out your pen and take notes this is how you help people after a disaster not screw them out a whatever you feel like just like you criminals did in haiti


  17. the last thing you want to do is to invest in expensive longterm (read:sustainable) infrastruture in a place where a storm can wreck it.
    even for renewable, location is important in considering investing in them.

  18. I hope they build s new grid for Puerto Rico that will with stand any hurricane. No need to be without power that damn long .🇵🇷🇺🇸

  19. As I'm shocked at most of this news I'm digesting about Puerto Rico, I'm equally surprise to see my questions answered, & I'm extremely pleased to see Elon Mosk, Tesla power company helping P/R BIGTIME!

  20. Ben, this is awesome! We ( were just down in Puerto Rico in November and were learning about the exact problems you talk about. The destruction of the one transmission line from the energy plants in the south to the population center of San Juan in the north is a real doozie to fix. In addition to Tesla, we ran into another cool solar-battery group, Sonnen. And New Energy was installing a lot of Tesla Powerwalls for private residences.

  21. what in the 1990s president 8YRS BILLHILLARY Clinton did not up grade PUERTO RICO electric grid that is run by the govmint… OR mention prez Obamamichelle 2009. 8YRS , BUSH Sr 4yrs , Bush jr.8yrs

  22. For a place like Puerto Rico, I prefer offshore wind. Build ten thousand of the things, 50 Km (31 miles) offshore. This generates scads of electricity, you won't be able to see it from Puerto Rico, it's wonderfully green, you can use the wind turbine supports for artificial reefs, and best of all, it weakens hurricanes.

    But this may be a project for further in the future. PR needs help NOW and if solar panels are the fastest way to do it then let's have some solar panels.

  23. I was going to say why not make several smaller systems but you said it. I was also thinking about personal systems like some homesteaders use.

  24. Do not attempt or say you are bori until you have survived like Hugo, George or the 2016 Huuicanes on the island.
    I physically endured them all, however, Maria left the biggest impact and most scars of all my life.
    Feel free to call with concerns or even ideals if you personally went through something that has taken a huge part of your being and left a shell filled with nothing but a shell.
    Until then pleas only be and try and be a person of constructive and informed posts
    Jeffrey Lee Zahn

  25. where can i purchase a Tesla battery for a private home use. My sister lives in Puerto Rico and has asked me to find information about these batteries. she heard some people are installing these in private homes

  26. It's all about maintenance. The lack of maintenance due to people pocketing the money is the reason why they had such a dirty electrical grid. Until you make a completely self sustainable power grid that can somehow maintain its self these countries in poverty will always be on a slippery slope.

  27. Great idea, just a little comment; although we are technically and by historcal accidents "americans" thats only true in part. Most of the almost 4 millions islanders feel to be puertorricans first its a strong national sentiment. That's evident when you travel around the island specially after Maria, and all you could see was and still is are puertorrican flags. So even though maybe some people after more than 100 years of being a colony could think they are americans the truth is they are NOT. Again I think is a great idea!!!!

  28. Here in Puerto Rico there is a lot of people who want to change and invest in solar power. There are people with power that don't want this to happen beacuse they get money from the agency that supply electricity. They want the federal goverment to give then money for them to steal it. Those people are part of the government.

  29. however it will not provide the entire power that we need, I live in South Australia…

    our power generation at 11PM tonight is 945mw, we are currently using 1,500mwh.

    That's at 11PM….

    Our peak is 2,200mwh, the battery wouldn't handle that entire load, in fact the battery is only designed to do short spurts, it will last less than 155 minutes at peak demands if it was to be used constantly like a home battery

  30. I absolutely agree that you could take Puerto Rico and put it on the renewable energy the only problem with what you were talking about on on this video is that you've left out the idea that each and every house being removed into a singular energy on a grid what number one give it a resiliency that you cannot match with any kind of centralized production and secondly allowed to grow exponentially very quickly
    I understand the need for centralized systems to be back up for redundancy but the truth of how to take Puerto Rico and solve this problem that they're having is to literally take everyone off the grid.
    This is the problem that we have within our country we have reached a technological level or hierarchical business models are in direct opposition to the growth of the technology.

  31. Wow, didn't know that…Wow and we even have a so called president who didn't even probably want to hear this or HE PROBABLY KNOWS ALL ABOUT IT.THANK YOU FOR AT LEAST GIVING US AN ALTERNATIVE, THAN JUST PUTTING UP THE SAME ELECTRIC  POLES THAT FELL. BEN, THANK YOU SO MUCH. I am going to write to Nydia Velazquez Congresswoman  of NYC and also Luis Velazquez congressman of Chicago as they are so much involved in going to Congress and holding issues in regards to how Puerto Rico is doing. My Puerto Rico that I love so much. I have tried to do all that I can and I will forward this to other Boricuas and to other people who love our Island and visit it yearly, around millions. WE SHOULD ALL CALL THE WHITE HOUSE AS I HAVE BEEN DOING AND PUTTING THE NUMBER ON FACE BOOK 202.456.1111  ALSO REACH BEN CARSON WHO IS SUPPOSSED TO BE PUTTING TARPS ON ALL OF THE ROOFS AS WELL TOO. TO REACH HIM CALL (202) 708-1112, as he has barely done anything for us.Que Dios nos bendiga y siguimos adelante.

  32. Geez.. I'm almost buckled over with how much I want to help, and heard of the Tesla childrens hospital initiative… and effectiveness!!!.. I just honestly hope the modality and effectiveness/realization of help needed exceeds anything as trivial/ineffective as self prioritization..

  33. I think right now battery and solar technology is only good enough to bring down the price of electricity, but it isn't good enough to replace coal and gas powerplants. We need solar panels to make more electricity and we need batteries that store more electricity

  34. Greed and corruption is keeping this from happening. according to NR Musk $7000 residential job would cost $14000 in P R

  35. And as soon as Elon Musk left I'm sure whatever batteries/panels he left there were either confiscated by a politician for personal use or stolen by locals overnight.

  36. Hello from Puerto rico. Thanks to the priority given to Puerto Rico, hundreds of residents have been able to switch to solar or at the very least have it for net-metering and power backup. Just a week after we were hot we were able to go 100% solar with PowerWall2.

  37. I think it's critical when examining solar to also examine the ramifications of something you said about scale-ability.
    What you said, and accurately so, was that solar was easily scale-able. That also works in reverse. Not only can solar be easily scaled up, it can also be easily scaled down and "fractured" into smaller pieces rather than trying to do it all isolated in a few facilities.
    Localizing solar is probably the answer, especially where areas are subject to hurricanes and tornadoes. The solar roof tiles aren't ready for prime time yet, but when they are it will be easy and attractive to simply have the home over produce, yet meet nearly all it's power needs during winter… so long as each home has enough battery storage to utilize the locally produced power (30-90kwh depending on the size of the home).

    Having this power owned initially by the power companies and then transition to personal ownership is likely the key to making this work.
    If one looked into how much Puerto Rico was spending on infrastructure in getting power to each home, it might be an interesting study to see how many homes could have been powered in near totality for that same cost outlay.

    Anyway, thanks for the video. Just thought I'd offer some food for thought since I am currently working on a similar project to see how such a thing would actually work.

  38. To overcome the inefficiencies that drive up the cost of hydrogen production, let's turn to innovative ideas that drive costs down using renewable energy. For example, we can use ocean currents and tidal forces to generate the electricity needed to power electrolysis generators which produce hydrogen gas from steam that can be generated by sun-tracking Fresnel Len's on platforms smaller than a typical ocean oil rig (electrolysis on liquid ocean water is far less efficient and will also produce chlorine as well as chlorine gas). Then pipe the hydrogen onshore, dry it, and add the same smell which we add to fossil fuel gas to make it safer. By the time the number of these hydrogen gas production rigs rival the current number of oil rigs in the world, every type of vehicle and every home on the planet would be powered by hydrogen combustion motors and/or fuel cells (which also produce pure water as a byproduct). Hydrogen could even be used in jet turbine engines with a little modification. That would replace all the millions of tons of hydrocarbons being put into the atmosphere with water vapor. Then the problems of tomorrow would be the opposite of today's as each day's emissions would literally rain back to earth as pure, clean water.
    If you're objection is due to a fear that hydrogen storage may explode like fossil fuel storage can (and does), then let's replace the 1,000's of lithium batteries in a Tesla car battery with 1,000's of hydrostiks. A hydrostik contains a liquid metal alloy that can absorb significant amounts of hydrogen gas and store it at a low pressure. The amount of gas it can hold varies with the type of metals used and they can even match the energy output of a gallon of gas using less space. Alternatively, it is possible to use carbon nano-tubes instead of liquid metals which would be much lighter and can be made from used plastic. Such a hydrogen storage tank could be a variety of shapes to fit the purpose and provide energy for either a combustion, jet, or electric motor along with all the electrical gadgets imaginable.
    All the items required to build this planet-wide energy system already exist (except maybe the hydrogen jet turbine) and have been proven to work. The first corporation to realize they could become the world's largest corporation in the history of humanity by piping hydrogen gas instead of fossil fuel gas thru current and expanded pipe lines to everyone's home and business wins! The average home could get their electricity from a fuel cell with a back up piston engine generator, cook with a gas stove, small programmable instant water heaters for each hot water outlet, gas fireplaces, central heat, and be able to fuel up their car, barbecue grill, lawn mower, motorcycle, RV, etc…. all from one underground pipe provided by one world-wide monster mega-corporation.
    What better way to prove this model than with a small island nation wishing to become totally independent? If these hydrogen platforms were submersible, they could ride out hurricanes chained down to the sea floor. The gas supply could be restarted in hours, not months.

  39. Total BS , Tesla installers were run off the island, for overcharging 3X the price of the systems for individual households .
    Then they gave every single householder the island government every address they installed for a kickback off the $3000 a year tax the government initiated .
    Now Tesla wants to walk away from the U.S. and sell out to: SAUDI ARABIA, as a private investor.

    U do the math , TESLA , ALL built on U.S. taxpayer grants and soon to be gone with his pockets full of $$$$

  40. Question but in another hurracaine like maria or worse does a solar panels glass can stand for flying debri and the glass of does solar panels can handle wind debri etc thats my question sounds good but they can handle another maria or stronger so puerto rico dont have another power grid

  41. It would have to be free. Federal law states disaster recovery funds may only restore the power grid to the condition before the disaster. It is not allowed to be spent on improvements. Yes, stupid. Very stupid.


  43. To do that have to go independently by neighborhood only the class that can afford it will be the ONLY beneficiaries…. what are you going to do with that???

  44. NEVER GO TO GRID TIE NEVER, the contract that you sign have small letters at the end saying that you are a co-owner of your SOLAR equipment with the AEE you can't touch a single bolt of something that is yours you pay for it with that contract you are a co-owner with them have to wait until the GRID is restored so NEVER BUT NEVER GO GRID TIE, remember once you sign that contract the system will not belong to you to both you and AEE, think carefully what are you going to do… to the people of Puerto Rico. GOD BLESS

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