In 2002, one of the most influential cars in automotive history made a triumphant return to the United States. But less than two decades later, many in the car world are asking what many is still doing here. The tiny English car gave the world a revolutionary design that boosted the British car industry and helped consumers comfortably save fuel during a crippling fuel crisis. It also became a global phenomenon. It was made even more famous by Michael Caine in the 1969 film The Italian Job, and again by a remake of the film in 2003. The many left the United States in the 1960s when it couldn’t keep up with changes to emissions regulations. It’s returned to America under the stewardship of German automotive powerhouse BMW brought fanfare and high hopes. But over the years, the mini brand has increasingly struggled in the U.S. as buyers in this country turn away from small cars and toward SUV fees in order to survive. Many is relying ever more on larger crossover like vehicles that are very different from the efficient and compact cars. Its name suggests. The Mini first debuted on August 26, 1959. It was the creation of Sir Alec, it’s a Ghana’s chief engineer for the recently formed British Motor Company. A new baby in a famous family and important because it’s so small. The British Motor Corporation’s many minor BMC had been looking for a small, very small vehicle capable of fitting for adults that could compete with the micro cars developed largely by German auto companies. Small cars were immensely popular at the time, due in part to the Suez Crisis, which had sent fuel prices skyrocketing. But creating a tiny car that can still comfortably fit for grown humans is pretty difficult. Its eagerness and colleagues pulled a few tricks that allowed them to have it both ways. They shrunk the car’s wheels and pushed them out to the corners of the frame. They turned the engine sideways. The gearbox was stacked below the engine in the oil pan. This highly efficient design gave the tiny car a spacious interior. To get the most space out of the four foot wide, four foot high, 10 foot long car, the doors were made so thin that window cranks would not fit, so sliding windows were installed. The wheels were a mere 10 inches in diameter. Even the door hinges were moved outside the car to save space. It also gave the vehicle excellent, handling the extreme positions of the wheels. Gave the mini a wide stable stance and allowed it to handle like a go cart. The weight of the flipped engine kept the front of the car very stable, despite its practical advantages. The car bewildered customers at first, but it took off. By 1965, 1 million minis had been made. Wasn’t such a revelation to get in his car, which cost less than five hundred pounds? It was one of the cheapest cars in the market and actually start driving it and realize that you could have an economical vehicle. That was also fun to drive. It was in many ways like the Volkswagen Beetle in that it was something of a classless vehicle attracting a wide array of buyers. You were buying a tiny sports car and you didn’t have to be a playboy to afford it. So it was a great democratization of driving enjoyment. This was partly helped by its performance on the track. The car’s unique features made it a favorite choice for race car drivers in the 1960s. This eagerness was friends with the British race car maker and driver John Cooper, who became enamored with the cars handling and was convinced it would make an excellent rally car. Its agonies was initially reluctant, but Cooper eventually persuaded him to produce the classic Mini Cooper 9 9 7. For racing drivers who’ve grown up with certain types of cars, with the engine at the front and the drive at the back. This was just absolute revelation. Every time somebody got into a Mini Cooper, they just couldn’t believe how well it went. Mini Coopers placed as high as third in the famous Monte Carlo rally in 1963 and then won the race for the first time the following year. Minis would go on to win in 1965 and 1967, but the 1969 film The Italian Job is often credited, even by many itself, as a major catalyst that boosted the car’s reputation around the world. Actor Michael Caine said that he didn’t have a license when the movie was filmed and actually learned to drive on set. The car was perfect for a film about a bank heist that involved car chases down narrow Italian streets. The Mini became something of a star in itself and reportedly spurred a craze for the tiny car. It also became a favorite ride for celebrities at the time, including Steve McQueen. All four Beatles and Mick Jagger from the Rolling Stones. But the minis impact goes far beyond a film inspired fad. It’s a gona says space saving power. Train design, with its transverse engine and front wheel drive, is today considered a revolutionary and is credited with inspiring generations of cars. In 2000, a panel of 130 automotive journalists chose the MINI as the European Car of the Century. It came in second for the overall Car of the Century award to the Ford Model T. Over its lifetime, the money has been sold under different brand names such as Maurice and Austin and passed from owner to owner. It ended up in the hands of BMW when the German automaker bought Britain’s Rover group in 1994. The merger turned out to be bad for both parties, and BMW ended up selling off most of the group’s brands, including Land Rover. But it kept many, which remains part of BMW s portfolio today. Under BMW, Mini undertook its first redesign in more than three decades. To its horror, it realizes that nothing has been done over decades to sort of replace this iconic car that everyone loves. So the old one realizes it is edging slowly towards the point where it would be legal to sell it anymore. You know, it can’t be crash regulations. It’s polluting. It’s unsafe. You know, it’s noisy. The company reintroduced the brand to North America in 2002. That year, a remake of the Italian job came out with a distinctly different plot and a largely American cast replacing the British one. Critics observed that the minis were the only link between the original film and the new one. But BMW s new mini also aroused the ire of many purists. The new BMW Mini was bigger than the original, and detractors accused it of being more of a retro looking showpiece than a true heir to the original. By many measures, the car was a hit anyway. BMW executives reportedly would have been happy with selling 150000 minis around the world in the early 2000s. Today, they sell more than twice that. But sales are falling that roughly 360 1000 units sold in 2018 was a 2.8 percent drop over the previous year. Europe is the brighter spot in the story. Sales of the BMW owned Mini have grown more or less steadily from around 25000 cars in 2001 to 270000 thousand in 2018. But in the U.S., many sold 7 percent fewer cars in 2018 than it did in 2017. The decline continue to trend. The brand has suffered since 2013, when sales peaked at around 66000 units. Many is yet another one of those small, quirky and highly practical cars that is in one way, quite literally, sitting in the shadow of taller, chunkier crossovers. Sport utility vehicles and pickup trucks, which are far more popular with buyers. Many has tried to combat this by broadening its product lineup. The company that made its name selling tiny fuel efficient cars now sells a long five door car called the Club Men and a crossover like model called The Countryman. This is the icon, the one that started it all, but not the only one. Final one for you. So although the calls who have that harmony look to them, they really keep on top of regulations and customer expectations to keep improving it. And they don’t want to go back to that old British. They say fair of just. No, no. Well, we did. We make them like this and we’ve always made them like this. But by beefing up its vehicles, many is moving further and further away from the traits that made it so famous in the first place. The Mini Cooper, for example, grew nearly 10 inches in length from 2002 to 2016. It grew an inch and a half in width and gained about 400 pounds. Many had experimented with different designs in its early days, including vans, wagons and pickups. And to be fair, cars tend to get bigger over time. The mid-sized pickups of today are all larger than their forebears. For example, comparing the size of a specific model from the early 2000s, such as the BMW 3 series sedan with the three series of today will demonstrate that even a single model is likely to fatten up over time. Today that evolution of light just standard Mini Cooper to what we have now. Like many SUV is antithetical to what the brand stands for. Mini is also one of many automakers betting that it can find a future by going electric. The mini countryman hybrid accounted for 13 percent of the countrymen’s total sales in 2018. The brand also debuted its first fully electric production car, the Mini Cooper s E in July of 2019. Mini is lucky in that it has an exceptionally strong brand identity, so the company has begun to seek fortune outside the traditional automotive business. Some recent initiatives, which are so far small in scope, are nonetheless remarkable and highly unconventional for a car company. For example, Mini has branched out into fields such as fashion and real estate development. The brand has partnered with Chinese development firm Nova Property Investment Company to convert a former paint factory in Shanghai, China, into a mixed use communal living facility comprised of apartments, workspaces and cultural and leisure amenities in 2016. Many also launched an incubator in Brooklyn, New York, for startups across a range of industries, including transportation. These are bets many industry watchers say are necessary for any automotive company to arm itself for an uncertain future. Many was a brand that grew out of a dire need for small, fuel efficient cars. But what made it such a strong cell generations ago now makes it seem like a niche product, even a curiosity to many consumers. Despite the grumblings of all these many fans who not long for this world, I would say, you know, that the the way the the way they are running it now is a premium. Small car brands is the right thing to do. Many says the move toward larger vehicles is in its favor. The company sees this as its opportunity to gain market share and reclaim the premium small car market once again. Many said its current generation is the best product it has ever made, and that changes in size are due in large part to minis need to meet safety regulations. If the brand wants to stay alive in the U.S., it will need to adapt. Otherwise, like some other small car makers, it could find itself pulling up stakes and leaving to the disappointment of many loyal fans.