Why Global Military Spending Is On The Rise

Why Global Military Spending Is On The Rise


Global military spending is
on the rise. That means more and better
equipped soldiers on land more warships at sea and more high tech fighter
jets in the skies. In 2018, worldwide, military
spending hit 1.8 trillion dollars. It has reached the highest point since
us at SIPRI have started compiling world data over the
last 30 something years. So what does all this mean? Does more military spending
make the world safer? Or is it a warning
of conflict to come? The last time spending rivaled today’s
levels was at the height of President Reagan’s Cold War arms
buildup in the late 1980s. But the sudden collapse of the Soviet
Union in 1991 changed the game. Military spending soon plummeted. Large scale military conflicts virtually disappeared
for the most part, at least. And the global economy boomed. By 1998, global spending hit its
lowest point since the Cold War. But then… There is a major
incident in lower Manhattan. Apparently, a plane has crashed into one
of the upper floors of the World Trade Center. The September 11th attacks in
2001 prompted a massive U.S. military mobilization for President
Bush’s ‘War on Terror’. Our enemy is a radical network
of terrorists and every government that supports them. As the U.S. and its allies deploy troops to
Afghanistan and Iraq, global spending numbers swelled, until Obama’s first
term, when war fatigue, internal budget pressures and troop withdrawals
pushed spending back down again. So if it wasn’t Iraq and
Afghanistan that propelled military spending to record levels in 2018, what was it? During all of this, a tectonic geopolitical
shift was taking place in East Asia, the rise of China. In 1990, the U.S., the Soviet Union, then
Germany, France, the U.K. and so on made up
the top 10 military spenders. But fast forward to 2018 and
those top spenders have drastically changed. China has jumped from a share of just
2 percent to 14 percent, the second largest behind the U.S. The country’s explosive economic growth allowed
it to increase spending for 24 straight years, culminating in a
2018 budget of 250 billion dollars. So where’s all that money going
to modernize China’s People’s Liberation Army? President Xi Jinping hopes to
fully modernize the military by 2035 and complete training into a
world class force by 2049. They want to assert themselves as a
regional superpower, but also as a world superpower competing
with the U.S. on a military basis. Progress has been swift. Since just 2011, China has gone
from having zero commissioned aircraft carriers to two in operation
and a third under construction. The U.S. in comparison has eleven much more
massive and highly advanced carriers. The Chinese are fielding elite fighter jets
as well, like the J-20 Chengdu and the Shenyang FC-31. Together, these fighters are designed
to compete with America’s latest generation Stealth F-22
Raptor and F-35. U.S. officials claim the Chinese used hacked
F-35 plans to help build these next generation aircraft. And that leads us to cyber warfare. China is spending big there, too. China doesn’t only want
to hack into U.S. computer networks, it wants to find
a way to neutralize U.S. advantages on the
physical battlefield. China has been watching how the
United States has conducted military operations very closely for
the last 25 years. They understand how dependent we
are on information enabled technologies and they have been developing asymmetric
capabilities to deny us those key enabling technologies. China’s also spending money to update
its nuclear arsenal and the bombers and submarines that carry those
weapons of mass destruction. Then there’s hypersonic missiles. They travel more than five times the
speed of sound, making them difficult to detect and neutralize. And if that wasn’t enough, these cutting
edge weapons also come tipped with nuclear warheads. Another really significant area is
China’s development of anti satellite weapons. Space is critical to just about everything
we do with regards to military operations, for reconnaissance, to communicating
with our own forces, to placing weapons on targets. If China or other adversaries can deny
the United States access to space based capabilities that would fundamentally
change the military equation here on Earth. China is also expanding its
military presence beyond its borders. In 2017, China opened its first overseas
base in the African country of Djibouti. China has been flexing its
military muscles in its own backyard as well. China is trying to project power into
the South China Sea, where it has territorial disputes over resource rich
islands and shallow reefs with nations like the
Philippines and Vietnam. China has begun unilaterally asserting
claims over these islands, turning several into full scale military
installations and demanding vessels recognize Chinese authority
in surrounding waters. An international court ruled against
these actions in 2016. The U.S. also rebuffs China’s demands by frequently
sailing Navy ships through the waters, China claims. Still, China shows no
signs of backing down. There is the prospect that the two
sides could get into a skirmish, a crisis, or even potentially a war in
the waters or airspace over the South China Sea, or even more likely,
in my view, over Taiwan. The island of Taiwan, once under
mainland China’s control, broke away during China’s communist
revolution with U.S. support and now governs
itself as a democracy. But today’s mainland communist leadership
still claims the island. Most analysts don’t believe that China has
the ability today to launch an amphibious invasion of Taiwan and take
the country over by force and occupy it. What concerns more observers is the
possibility that China might use some of its increasing military capabilities to
try to blockade or coerce Taiwan into politically unifying
with the mainland. President Xi Jinping has ramped up
military exercises around Taiwan and further diplomatically isolated the island since
he came to power in 2012. The other thing to remember about China’s
military spending is a lot of its military spending is actually
directed internally toward maintaining political stability within China. 2019’s unrest in Hong Kong has prompted
concern over how China might use its upgraded military capabilities. After weeks of protests, the People’s
Liberation Army released this video showing soldiers conducting battle exercises
in urban environments and quelling simulated civilian unrest. The overall worry? a newly empowered China will not be
a benevolent player on the world stage. Instead, using its military
prowess to bully weaker neighboring countries and to suppress its own people
or those it claims it represents. This worry has helped prompt
spending increases throughout the Asia-Pacific region, countries as diverse
as Japan, South Korea, Vietnam and Australia all increased
spending in 2018. Vietnam started buying submarines. Taiwan started developing more anti
aircraft missiles for instance. Japan is also starting
to modernize its weapons. Overall, in the whole Asia, it’s
almost seen as action reaction. But perhaps most
importantly, the U.S. has taken notice, too. The United States remains the
world’s undisputed foremost military power. Its budget is larger than the
next eight biggest spenders combined. The United States defense budget actually
still dwarfs China by a significant margin. Not only is the United States still
the number one defense spender in the world, but most of the other
major spenders are also U.S. allies. Countries such as South Korea,
Japan, Germany, France, Britain and so on. In 2018, U.S. military spending hits 649 billion dollars,
an increase of four point six percent from 2017 and the first time
the budget had increased at all since 2011. China’s rise remains a
major factor behind the increase. China’s expanding its influence into the
Pacific, which has always been this area controlled by the
US since World War 2. So it is this pushing the boundaries
of sphere influence between China and U.S. China’s expanding power has
been on the U.S.’s radar for years. But President Trump’s election ushered
in a particularly hawkish national security staff. This staff has pushed the idea that the
world is entering a new era of so-called great power competition, reviving
justifications for the large scale conventional forces and nuclear arsenals
that fell out of style after the collapse of
the Soviet Union. To help prepare for potential conflict in
this perceived new era of great power competition, the Trump administration
has fast track military modernization and expansion plans, from
recruiting more soldiers to upgrading the Navy’s aircraft carriers,
completing the acquisition of the new F-35 fighter jet platform,
designing next generation bombers and submarines, upgrading nuclear forces, dumping
money into cyber operations and more. This spending shows few signs of
slowing down, with the U.S. charting a defense budget
increase for 2019. And it’s not all about China. There is also a Russian resurgence
under way that few saw coming. The view back in the late 1990s
is that we were always going to most likely be dealing
with a benign Russia. That’s fundamentally changed. From President Vladimir Putin’s snatching
of Crimea to his destabilization of Ukraine, election meddling in the
West, advanced cyber capabilities and cutting edge hypersonic missile technology, Russia
is back in the great power game. It’s been increasing spending since 2011 and
had a very big and expensive modernization program until
about 2016. And then as the program is nearing its
end, we of course see the spending taper out and slightly decrease. That resurgence has prompted considerable
spending increases in former Soviet states fearing
Russian aggression. Increases include Poland, Bulgaria,
Latvia, Lithuania and Romania. So does 2018’s record spending
levels mean conflict is imminent? These numbers do indicate issues
of increased tension, increased rivalries, possible conflicts that might occur. I think the question is
whether spending causes conflicts. So far, no definitive answer, but
there definitely is a relationship there. Global military spending by itself
is not necessarily the problem. Rather, the spending reflects how countries
are seeing their interests and their beliefs that they are in
competition with other great powers and that they have to prepare
for the possibility of conflict.

100 thoughts on “Why Global Military Spending Is On The Rise

  1. So China become so cocky he harasses their neighbor kids over some island.
    They made bad move in my opinion, they just setting them self as the World Enemy now, only this time i dont think they bro Russia going to lend some hand

  2. military spending is actually only rising in absolute terms. as a percent of global GDP it's still falling. The U.S. increased it's relative military spending in 2018, but only slightly. Only about 2% of global GDP is spent on defense these days. check out this site. https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/MS.MIL.XPND.GD.ZS?locations=US

  3. China's worst weakness is her own people.

    Edit : China's people can easily outnumbered it's military. Just like the Yellow Umbrella movement but in a much larger scale. That's why be democratic.

  4. What if the government is keeping a secret about something like an Alien invasion and we're trying to prepare for that?!!

  5. Remember when the powers of europe in ww1 were building up their militaries and implementing new technologies? Remember Germany building up its military in ww2? Yeah I see a pattern.

  6. The last time regular Chinese army was at war was in North Korea, and 300 filipinos, wiped out 10,000 regular Chinese army troop. They can't hope for anything better in future conflicts…

  7. WW3 is near. Strategic nuclear weapons will be used with the lifting of the mid-range ballistic missile treaty going to ash. The USA is arming the EU, Russia is arming NATO allies, China is building their military at a war time rate. Start building your bunker!

  8. The US spend more than the next 8 countries combined. Whether global spending changes depends almost entirely on just the US.

    While the media continues to portray China as a threat. China is spending money to modernize it's outdated military while US is spending to push the bleeding age. They are no match for the US at all.

    The only chance of China winning any military conflict vs US is in a defensive war on it's mainland with the support of it's entire population. And even that advantage becomes meaningless if nuclear weapons are used

  9. Because the corporations siezed control of the us government. They just tell you lies like this advertisement for the military industrial complex.

  10. This video seems like fear-monger, more fear among the public, more acceptance for tax dollars to go to the military, who funds cnbc? China will probably never go on the offence, this is a globalised society, they’re not that stupid to start a war.

  11. I hope the war starts now. Because the war that would happen this time will bring peace and quiet for a very long time.

  12. Big Brother decides governors, and those governors militarizing their nations. Why? Because the Evil, BB, wants 3rd World War.

  13. let's be honest hasn't global military spending been on the rise since before 1776, every year it's gone and increased.

  14. Well as a Canadian I’m starting to feel that we need to ramp up our military too. Our military consists of outdated, and often times Second hand machinery. So we’re definitely a possible target of the Russians. We rely on America too much.

  15. I always don't get why we have to build stuff like tanks and ships. We have the most freaking Nuke. No one is gonna wanna mess with us hell North Korea only has a handful and everyone is scared to mess with them.

  16. China plays dirty. They constantly say Taiwan belongs to them. Its a blatant lie, repeated over and over, with the intention that someday the world starts thinking its true. Scum of the earth. And they also claim islands 1000km away from its own shore as theirs. China is a bully. Theyre not even the strongest country (yet) and this is how they treat others. China has to be stopped. It is a world problem. Now is the time to pick a side

  17. I like how when China and everyone else is being discussed it's straight up horror movie music and Star spangled music when US is the biggest spender of Arms race lol

  18. When people say no more spending on military their forgetting that a lot of foreign leaders don’t have your best interest in mind

  19. China doesn't need to out spend the United States. They have already stole most of the U.S.A.'s secrets. The U.S. spends nearly a trillion dollars a year and they still can't get ahead…

  20. So when the us does all of these things there isn't a problem but when someone else does something close to what us does then "shocked Pikachu face"

  21. Off cause they want to deny you having their information, what do you want with that infor give them yours first maybe there will be some understanding then.

  22. Imagine the year that the USA spending budget hits 1trillion. Very likely within my lifetime or your lifetime. Maybe we won’t be alive then. Who knows, spooky to think about

  23. funny how human military power has gotten so crazy we can't have wars between big powers as it would ruin the world real hard

  24. The media always wants a damn war.
    Seriously, just chill out and smoke a blunt CNN.
    Just go home and just read a Bible Fox News.
    Go eat some burgers America.
    Go watch Hello Kitty China.
    Both of our citizens should just try to starve the governments we are in so they can't use us as the weapon.

    Leave us the hell alone. Lol

  25. War has changed.

    It's no longer about nations, ideologies, or ethnicity. It's an endless series of proxy battles, fought by mercenaries and machines.

    War–and it's consumption of life–has become a well-oiled machine.

    War has changed.

    ID-tagged soldiers carry ID-tagged weapons, use ID-tagged gear. Nanomachines inside their bodies enhance and regulate their abilities.

    Genetic control, information control, emotion control, battlefield control…everything is monitored and kept under control.

    War…has changed.

    The age of deterrence has become the age of control, all in the name of averting catastrophe from weapons of mass destruction, and he who controls the battlefield, controls history.

    War…has changed.

    When the battlefield is under total control, war becomes routine.

  26. We in the US be lacking increase spending on the military and NASA just to be funny. Also China don't start a war with us please this goes for the United States to we don't need more wars because everyone loves their nuclear triggers.

  27. As natural resources are depleted, wars will happen to get what is left. Also with China and Russia now being on the rise, it will end with the "old" powers reacting to keep the status quo. I suspect by 2030, there will be another big conflict.

  28. I guess Iron Maidens Song "The Trooper" delivers a good result – But on this battlefield no one wins – (and I am not the biggest fan) but anyway everbody except the three major powers won't a great chance at all

  29. The world is generally led by intelligent but unwise leaders to a level that those who are wise are rapidly influenced by the unwise .

  30. 10:04 Of course the clowns at the CNBC say there was meddling in the US election when the report came out with no evidence. Clowns.

  31. This is a significant sign of rising tensions.War is always based on lies.A warped and sick economic system is allowing nations to profit from death and destruction.At a time when international cooperation is desperately needed to meet the challenges of climate change,diminishing water supplies,a dying ocean,drastic decline in biodiversity,loss of topsoil etc is is vital that we reduce military spending to zero and put all our efforts into peaceful cooperation.

  32. There aren't wars with guns and swords anymore. It's an information war. It's mass migration and slow over taking. The media is completely controlled by Marxist Jews.

  33. All this military crap is such a waste of time, there are only two results we blow each other all to hell, or we come to our senses and disarm and forge a new global direct democracy,

  34. Civil war is going to break out in China before they catch up. The people of china are extremely unhappy and it doesn't matter how unarmed they are compared to the military, they will overwhelm with sheer numbers and overthrow their government. They're trying to expand their military because Xi Jinping is afraid of his own people. They're sick of not being able to breathe, they're sick of going into the work force at the age of 6 and dying at 30 because of poor working conditions, they're sick of everything. If you live an average life in China then the chances are your life is devoid of happiness.

  35. Because the US tax payer is being robbed. LoL.

    Add the issue that Congress and high level staffers can benefit from insider trading, legally….

  36. The next war will be a war of religion and electronics. Not so much on China/Russia against USA and it's allies. Worldwar 3 comes very soon…

  37. if war starts china has no chance and its not even if they have bigger military but the china system will make china collapse.

  38. i would say lopsided Military spending creates conflict, Britain and France vs Germany, North and South Korea, the war in the Congo, Iran and Kuwait and so on

  39. its on the rise they simply need more force to try and subdue the anger the people,governments know they're next …

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